As far back as 1978 (Future Trends Which Will Influence Waste Disposal by Abel Wolman) Wolman noted that:
“If it is true, as some insist, that solid waste may be a resource disguised as a nuisance, then supplementary aids for its successful continuous recovery must be discovered.”
This was stated after examining the various failed attempts to find and implement an effective and sustainable way to deal with trash and waste. He noted that although methods ..
“moved from simple dumping on land or sea, to burial, sanitary landfill, feeding to swine, reduction, incineration, and various forms of composting”
– none of them were working to contain the growing mountains of waste.
In the early 21st century, increasing world population, growing use of non-decomposable plastics, the westernization of the Asian continent and several world economic crisis cycles all contributed to increasing numbers of landfill operations throughout the world – mostly containing petroleum based plastic products.
Although attempts at regulation and re-use abounded, most met with societal, economic and/or political failure. Resultant fills varied in scope from simple dump and run (both on the ocean and on dry land) to elaborately designed and fairly costly bioreactor driven fills. Most however, were dry tomb landfills.
According to How Landfills Work, written in that timeframe:
“The purpose of a landfill is to bury the trash in such a way that it will be isolated from groundwater, will be kept dry and will not be in contact with air. Under these conditions, trash will not decompose much. A landfill is not like a compost pile, where the purpose is to bury trash in such a way that it will decompose quickly.”
The world’s local and national governments at the time instigated strict legislation to insure that the waste (which could cause foul smelling fumes and health hazards to both animals and humans) was so contained that nothing would cause it to deteriorate. These regulations were in response to the 2008 – 2020 practice by the more developed nations (where legislation already existed) of dumping waste on other continents. According to Waste Management World:
“Exporting waste illegally to poorer countries has become a vast and growing international business, as companies try to minimize the costs of new environmental laws that tax waste or require that it is recycled or otherwise disposed of in an environmentally responsible way”
“So thinking globally, the massive development of new sanitary landfills is the only realistic and achievable option for a universal step forward and even this will be difficult in some cases.”
Technology, societal attitudes and economic resources were, at that time, limited and did not offer a viable opportunity to utilize the materials that ended up in those landfills – which, according to Dr. Ahmad Lotfi (BEng, MTech, PhD, Senior Member IEEE) – the Environmental Protection Agency estimated were made up of about 20% plastics.
Various solutions were tried to prohibit entry of plastics to the landfills – such as consumer recycling and a program called Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) which led to the adoption of laws in many parts of the world that require any company that sells a consumer product to provide “cradle-to-cradle” take-back service to its consumers. However, these programs met with limited success.
Before the successful development of bio-degradable, non-petroleum based plastic manufacturing, some 75 billion tons of plastic PER YEAR were generated in the USA alone. Over the course of the 21st century trillions of tons of plastic were sent to landfills throughout the world.
In addition to the plastics, the other 80% of landfill material should still remain decently preserved for study and potential economic, if not historical use.
Business Venture Description Summary.
Using today’s advanced technologies including InEarthSight (which had it’s beginnings in underground radar), nanobiological techniques along with our newly developed landfill location, extraction, examination and re-deployment techniques, ArchTrashOlogists, Inc. proposes to locate, extract and utilize the buried treasures of the worlds landfills.
Venture Features and Benefits.
Landfills from the 20th and 21st centuries cover at least 25% of the Earths land acreage. Of necessity, due to the world’s expanding population and desire for a return to rural environments for housing, past and current developers have utilized this acreage – as part of single and multi family community developments. Many parts of the world now have dwellings (homes and walking distance community services) spread out on these landfills.
Recent numerous landfill collapse events indicate the need to review the locations, contents and integrity of the world’s landfills.
Collapse or damage to the landfills can expose the waste contents to our environment, potentially causing re-emergence of the negative conditions indicated in the past centuries.
ArchTrashOlogists, Inc. is prepared to take on the responsibility of that review, providing we are granted legal access to the fills – including use of our custom extraction tools and processes, and provided we are given unqualified rights to any economic benefits derived from the extraction and use of the landfill contents.
- Our process will leave all structures in place, unless they are proven to be in imminent danger of collapse due to landfill instability.
- Our process will not only extract the ‘waste’ contents of the fill, but also the original landfill construction components, including but not limited to: polyethylene caps, pipes which were used to catch leachate (this was the typically acidic water with the dissolved contaminants that leaked through the waste) and cement remaining from access roads and etc.
- We will use our custom landfill location process to find landfills to review. This process uses geological study of potential areas to determine if the bedrock, waterflow, historical nesting patterns and records of historical artificat locations to determine if the site would have made a good landfill location in the 20th or 21st century. It then uses InEarthSight technology to determine if dry cells are present. Dry cells were used to hold one day’s worth of trash. If all conditions warrant investigation, requests to examine and extract will be made via world government channels with the expectation that homeowner objections will be overruled in favor of safety and environmental concerns.
Because of the fact that by the beginning of the 22nd century Earth scientists, engineers and business enterprises had found a way to manufacture bio-degradable plastics and glass and due to increased consumer and industry focus on the necessity to reduce, reuse and re-cycle (along with the corresponding technologies that made it economically viable) of that period, there is no need to investigate for landfills post 2099. No new landfills were created past that date.
By using ArchTrashOlogists, Inc. resources and staff to solve this problem, the world governments will save trillions of units in cost, provide positive proof of their endorsement of the resurgence of the capitalistic economic model and be removed from responsibility of solving the issues involved.
Present Day -2012/2013
This fictional account of our future entrepreneurs in ArchTrashOlogy, Inc. is my hopeful vision of human kinds eventual ability to conquer its trash problem.
What do you see as the future of our trash? Will we end up with a Wall-e type Earth, which we have to abandon due to mountains of non-decomposable trash? What research do you know of that is in progress to find a way to effectively handle the age old problem of trash?
Resources, Facts & Ideas:
Magnets and electric currents separate different metals, while infrared lasers sort different kinds of paper and plastic containers from one another, based on the light wave length each type of material emits.How Landfills Work
- How much trash we generate/recycle
Of the 251 million tons (228 million metric tons) of trash, or solid waste, generated in the United States in 2006, about 81.8 million tons (74.2 million metric tons), or 32.5 percent, was either recycled or composted
- Time it takes for garbage to decompose in the environment
- Different kinds of plastics and what they are used for with recycling rates
- Beyond Recycling: The Future of Waste
- Waste Management 2030+
- Future Trends in Waste Management 2011 and Beyond